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E-PhD Seminar at NEU

National Economics University

E-PhD Programme Seminar Series


Widening the Gap: Gendered Impacts of Capital Deepening in Vietnam



Nguyen Thanh Tung

Faculty of Economics,

National Economics University

Hanoi, Vietnam


Time and Venue

Time: 4.00PM – 5.00PM

Date: Tuesday, 28 May 2024

Venue: Room 15.01, Level 15, Building A1, National Economics University

207 Giai Phong Road, Hanoi, Vietnam


Since the mid-2010s, Vietnam has experienced a concerning reversal of the gender wage gap. This study uses diverse datasets to analyze this trend at the district, firm, and individual levels. We emphasize the critical role of capital deepening in the manufacturing sector as a key driver. Our findings indicate that the decline in female relative to male wages stems from reduced female labor demand rather than supply-side factors. At the district level, our results suggest heterogeneous effects across districts with different stages of economic development. In high-income districts, capital deepening primarily impacts the gender wage gap through hourly wage rates. Conversely, in low-income districts, where labor mobility is limited, capital deepening influences the gender wage gap through both working hours and hourly wage rates. Younger females with lower educational attainment are particularly vulnerable to the effects of capital deepening.


About presenter

Nguyen Thanh Tung is a lecturer at the Faculty of Economics, National Economics University in Hanoi, Vietnam. He holds a Master degree of Public Policy (Public Economics) from Hitotsubashi University. He received his PhD in Economics from Hitotsubashi University (Tokyo, Japan) in June 2023. His field of interests include labor economics, market frictions, and development economics. His studies focus on labor market regulations, especially minimum wages, in developing countries. He worked as an economic researcher at the Vietnam Institute for Economic and Policy Research (VEPR) at the Vietnam National University (Hanoi) from 2014 to 2017.


About series

This seminar series is part of the E-PhD Programme at National Economics University. It targets PhD students, early-career researchers, and senior faculty who find interested in doing research in the areas of economics, business, management, and other inter-disciplinary fields of social science. The series is a platform for the wider research community to exchange ideas, networks and collaborations.


Contact details

Bach Ngoc Thang

Seminar series coordinator

Room 15.04, Building A1

Institute for Sustainable Development

National Economics University

207 Giai Phong Road, Hanoi, Vietnam

M: +84 35 443 1750

E:  bnthang@gmail.com, or thangbn@neu.edu.vn

W: http://isd.neu.edu.vn/